Located in what is present day Jordan and considered to be one of the wonders of the world, Petra was built in the 5th century BC by the Nabataeans, a nomadic Bedouin tribe who were particularly skillful in harvesting rainwater, agriculture and stone carving.The city was established in a unique position, not only within the desert’s steep sandstone cliffs, providing protection from outside invasion, but also within proximity to ancient trade routes. Welcoming caravans full of incense from Arabia, silks from China and spices from India, the Nabataeans grew their kingdom and Petra became the focus of their wealth. At its peak in the 1st century AD, Petra was a thriving and lush metropolis. However, as sea trade routes emerged, Petra’s importance declined and the city was eventually abandoned until it was rediscovered in 1812 by a Swiss traveler and geographer. To this day, archaeologists are still discovering important artifacts and clues to further understand this complex and unique society.